Estimated catch figures of the EU countries
from 1992-2016 on the basis of Blue sharks, Shortfin Makos and Porbeagle
* Reform and opening policy in China. During this period, the Chinese economy has undergone significant growth through privatization. The trading markets have been expanded.
EU countries in comparison: Blue shark (Prionace glauca)
Areas: North Atlantic, South Atlantic and Mediterranean
What happens to shark meat?
Trade in shark meat has increased dramatically over the last decade. This is partly due to the general increase in demand for fish. The shark meat market is more diverse and more geographically dispersed than the shark fin trade, so there is considerable potential for further expansion. 
Years ago regarded as an unwanted by-catch, sharks are now systematically targeted. Species such as the blue shark or the short-finned mako shark are caught without specific restrictions: No catch or size limits and no closed seasons. Spain has the largest market for shark meat and is the leading nation for shark fishing in Europe. In 2013, 48,888 tons of various different species of shark were registered as caught there, but the actual number could be significantly higher due to unreported by-catches. The meat caught from there is mainly exported to other EU countries. Spain and Italy are among the European countries with the largest shark meat market, consuming on average 40,000 tons (Spain) and 10,000 tons (Italy) of shark meat per year. 2] Most shark meat imports worldwide go to Brazil – about 20,000 tons per year, followed by Spain – about 14,000 tons per year, and Italy – about 11,500 tons per year (in 2012). 
According to current figures, Germany imported 296 tons of shark meat in 2014, mainly from Namibia, Vietnam and Indonesia. These countries have hardly any surveillance or controls of their fisheries. 4] The meat is sold under many different, often misleading names, such as sea eel, trout sturgeon or hornfish in the case of dogfish.
In addition to the targeted consumption of shark meat, the demand for the oil obtained from shark liver is also increasing. This is regarded as a desirable ingredient in cosmetic products such as makeup or moisturizers.